Miles Corak (Université d’Ottawa)
– Date: 16h30 – 18h30, le 24 mars 2015
– Salle: C-2059, Pavillon Lionel-Groulx, Université de Montréal, 3150 rue Jean-Brillant.
« Comment dévaler le long de la courbe de Gatsby : inégalités, possibilités et politiques publiques » ou
« How to Slide Down the Great Gatsby Curve: Inequality, Life Chances, and Public Policy »
Nous devrions nous préoccuper des inégalités parce qu’elles ont le potentiel de donner forme aux opportunités de la prochaine génération. Cette présentation offre les bases nécessaires à une réflexion concernant cette relation et pour comprendre pourquoi la manière dont les enfants s’en tireront dans leur vie d’adulte est davantage déterminée par leur contexte familial – les pauvres élevant la prochaine génération de pauvres et les riches plus susceptibles de voir leurs enfants devenir riches dans leur vie d’adulte – au sein des pays les plus inégalitaires. Les différences au sein des familles, des marchés du travail et des politiques publiques concourent toutes à expliquer pourquoi la mobilité sociale aux États-Unis est relativement moindre que dans plusieurs autres pays, le Canada inclus.
We should care about inequality because it has the potential to shape opportunities for the next generation. This presentation offers a framework for thinking about this relationship, and for understanding why the adult outcomes of children are more closely tied to their family background—with the poor raising the next generation of poor adults, and the rich more likely to see their children to be rich in adulthood—in countries with greater inequality. Differences in families, labour markets, and public policy all play a role in understanding why the United States has relatively less social mobility than many other countries, including Canada.
Biography : Miles Corak is a full professor of economics with the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa, where he teaches principles of economics, labour economics, and social policy in a way relevant for public policy.
Much of his research involves comparisons across countries. It focuses on labour markets and social policy, and is detailed in publications on child poverty, access to university education, social and economic mobility, and unemployment. He has also edited three books. His paper, “Income Inequality, Equality of Opportunity, and Intergenerational Mobility,” published in the Journal of Economic Perspectives, examines the relationship between inequality and social mobility across countries, a relationship that has become known as the “Great Gatsby Curve.” It was awarded the 2014 Doug Purvis Prize by the Canadian Economics Association, which annually recognizes a highly significant contribution to Canadian economic policy. His research has been used by The White House, and cited by many of the major print and electronic media, including The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, The Economist, Bloomberg Business Week, The Sunday Times, The Guardian, The Washington Post as well as the BBC, the CBC, TVO and The Globe and Mail.
Professor Corak holds a BA in economics and political science and an MA in economics from McGill University. He completed his PhD at Queen’s University, and joined the University of Ottawa in 2007 with 20 years experience in the Canadian federal government, most of that time spent as a member of the senior management at Statistics Canada. He has been a visiting researcher with the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre in Florence Italy—acting as the research coordinator for its 2005 publication Child Poverty in Rich countries—with the Centre for Longitudinal Studies at the University of London, and with the Office of Population Research at Princeton University. During the 2013/2014 academic year he was a Visiting Scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation in New York City. Professor Corak maintains his own blog at milescorak.com , and you can follow him on Twitter @MilesCorak.